Cow sets World record – Produced 2,16,891 kg of Milk lifetime

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Dairy farmer Eric Patenaude kisses his Guinness World Records champion milking cow, has provided 216,891 kg of milk during her lifetime.

Most milk produced in a lifetime: Canadian cow sets world record

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To dairy farmers the world over, Smurf is a celebrity cow.

Smurf, a 16-year-old Holstein cow has produced more than 57,000 gallons of milk (that’s 216,891 kg or 478,163 pounds) in now 12 lactations – and is still producing – at “La Ferme Gilette” in Embrun, Ontario, just outside Ottawa, has broken the Guinness World Record for most milk produced over a lifetime. In the history of the world, no cow has been her equal.

The Patenaude family of Embrun, Ontario, has a long history in the country. It has been nine generations since the family first arrived from France, and the family has flourished. The family farm run by Gilles Patenaude and his sons was originally purchased by his grandfather back in 1881. Although originally a commercial production dairy, since 1980 Gilles and his sons, Marc, Louis, Vincent and Mathieu, have built the business into a top-class purebred Holstein breeding facility.

Their cows are all registered Holsteins, with about 450 cows milking, a similar number of dry cows and replacement heifers and about 100 bulls. Ferme Gillette is well known for producing excellent breeding bulls, with sales to A.I. units around the Canada and export sales around the world. Milking takes place three times a day in a double-12 parallel parlour with a pipeline. While Canada has long been renowned for the quality of its Holstein cattle, the previous record-holder was from Japan. It remains to be seen what Gillette Emperor Smurf final production record will be.

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Use of MRI scan in Veterinary Practice – Principle, Advantage and Disadvantages

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Principles of MRI:

Our body made up of chemical composition (ie: hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen sodium, phosphotus, potassium etc.)

Atoms these elements have different number of protons in their nucleus and possess different magnetic property.

Protons of hydrogen atom are the most abundant in the body in the form of water.

Magnetic properties of these atoms have been utilized to produce magnetic resonance signals and images.

When a patient is placed in a strong magnetic field in MR scanner, hydrogen nucleus in the body align with the applied external magnetic field.

Hydrogen nuclei in the patients body absorbs the energy and then generates the MR signal when exposed to short bursts of electromagnetic energy in form of radio frequency pulse.

The magnet creates a strong magnetic field which aligns the protons of hydrogen atoms which are then exposed to a beam of radio waves.

This spins the various protons of the body and produce a faint signal which is detected by receiver portion of the MRI scanner. The receiver information is processed by computer and image is produced.

Advantages :

1. Excellent soft tissue contrast resolution

2. Ability to obtain direct transverse, sagittal, coronal and oblique images

3. Does not use ionizing radiation

4. Does not produce bone/air artefacts

Disadvantages:

1. Longer imaging time

2. Complexity of the equipment and scan acquisition

3. High Cost

4. Inability to demonstrate calcification or cortical bone details

5. Bullet shrapnel and metallic fragments may move and become projectile (Contraindicated for patients with Cardiac pacemakers, dental implants, heart valve prosthesis and aneurysm clips)

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The history of First Veterinary School in the World – 1761

first vet college

The first veterinary school in the world was created in Lyon in 1761 by an equerry, Claude Bourgelat (1712-1779).

Claude Bourgelat, a man renowned for his skill in horsemanship and horse medicine, a man fully able to understand the issues of his time. Aware of the scope of the physiocratic movement and of the need to improve the health of farm animals.

He was able to understand the expectations of Henri-Léonard Bertin, Minister of King Louis XV, in proposing the creation of an establishment, breaking with traditional farriery.

When the school was founded two years earlier, the king had given it only a short-term grant. This left the school’s long-term prospects in jeopardy. But after the Lyon students proved their worth in managing and preventing epizootic diseases, Bertin and the king were convinced. The king’s decree in 1764 that Lyon be given the title Royal Veterinary School meant that it would be supported by the state, according to Bost.

That same year, Bourgelat was designated director and inspector general of the Lyon Veterinary School “and of all such schools which exist or which shall exist in our Kingdom” as well as commissioner general of the royal horse-breeding establishments. By then, Lyon had 36 new enrollees; enrollment would later stabilize at 30 new students per year.

For Bertin, the Lyon school was only the first step in contributing to the country’s animal and agricultural health. In 1764, he ordered Bourgelat to create another veterinary school. This time it was located in Alfort, just outside Paris. Bourgelat established the standards for the two veterinary schools in 1777 and would continue to teach until he died Jan. 3, 1779, at age 67.years

First elephant to get a prosthetic leg – Hats off to the Vets!!!

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An elephant who had a leg amputated after stepping on a landmine has taken her first steps on a new prosthetic.

Motala (50 years old) , was a working elephant who moved trees in the Thai jungle when she stepped on a mine.

Motala had been looking for food when the mine exploded in 1999.

She received her first artificial leg in 2006 – and became the first elephant with a permanent prosthetic in 2006.

App based portable Ultrasound Scanner compatible with iPhone and Android

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Philips introduces new mobile, app-based approach to ultrasound delivery that brings secure cloud-enabled technology and high-image quality to broader network of healthcare providers.

Lumify is designed for emergency departments and urgent care centers, as well as other clinical uses such as orthopedics and internal medicine, and will operate from a compatible smart device connected to a Philips ultrasound transducer.

World’s Shortest Cow – Guinness World Record

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The six-year-old Manikyam lives in Atholi in the south Indian state of Kerala the God’s own Country. It’s
measuring only 61.5 centimeters from the hoof to the withers, Her owner, farmer and environmentalist NV Balakrishnan, obtained the cow as a new-born calf, and despite feeding her and raising her exactly like the other cows on his farm, her growth stalled at just over two feet. She was officially confirmed as the world’s shortest last year, smashing the previous record of 69.07 centimetres. This is officially the world’s shortest cow.

First ever IVF puppies born to a surrogate mother – First time in the World

US scientists have unveiled the first litter of puppies born through in-vitro fertilisation (IVF). The seven puppies include five beagles and two beagle-cocker spaniel mixes. Their birth in July was announced on Wednesday by researchers at Cornell University in New York State and the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC. 
Dr Alexander Travis of Cornell University explains the importance of this breakthrough.
Footage provided by Cornell University.

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Domestic Chicken too can be infected with Rabies virus

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Natural Rabies Infection in a Domestic Fowl (Gallus domesticus): A Report from India

Julie Baby, Reeta Subramaniam Mani, Swapna Susan Abraham, Asha T. Thankappan, Prasad Madhavan Pillai, Ashwini Manoor Anand, […view 2 more…], Sachin Sreekumar

Abstract

Background

Rabies is a fatal encephalitis caused by viruses belonging to the genus Lyssavirus of the family Rhabdoviridae. It is a viral disease primarily affecting mammals, though all warm blooded animals are susceptible. Experimental rabies virus infection in birds has been reported, but naturally occurring infection of birds has been documented very rarely.

Principal Findings

The carcass of a domestic fowl (Gallus domesticus), which had been bitten by a stray dog one month back, was brought to the rabies diagnostic laboratory. A necropsy was performed and the brain tissue obtained was subjected to laboratory tests for rabies. The brain tissue was positive for rabies viral antigens by fluorescent antibody test (FAT) confirming a diagnosis of rabies. Phylogenetic analysis based on nucleoprotein gene sequencing revealed that the rabies virus strain from the domestic fowl belonged to a distinct and relatively rare Indian subcontinent lineage.

Significance

This case of naturally acquired rabies infection in a bird species, Gallus domesticus, being reported for the first time in India, was identified from an area which has a significant stray dog population and is highly endemic for canine rabies. It indicates that spill over of infection even to an unusual host is possible in highly endemic areas. Lack of any clinical signs, and fewer opportunities for diagnostic laboratory testing of suspected rabies in birds, may be the reason for disease in these species being undiagnosed and probably under-reported. Butchering and handling of rabies virus- infected poultry may pose a potential exposure risk.

Rabies is a fatal viral disease affecting humans and other animals. Though all warm blooded animals are susceptible to this disease, rabies is commonly observed in mammals. Birds can be experimentally infected with this virus; however, naturally occurring rabies infection in birds has been reported very rarely. We report an unusual case of natural rabies infection in a domestic fowl from India. The bird was bitten by a stray dog and succumbed after a month. The brain tissue from the carcass was tested at a laboratory and was found to be positive for rabies virus antigens. This report indicates that rabies is a disease that can affect birds. Most often birds succumb due to shock or complication of animal bite injury and may not survive until the development of clinical signs of rabies infection. Moreover, fewer opportunities for diagnostic laboratory testing of suspected rabies in a bird may be a reason for the disease in these species being underestimated. Butchering and handling of virus-infected poultry may pose a potential biohazard.

Citation: Baby J, Mani RS, Abraham SS, Thankappan AT, Pillai PM, Anand AM, et al. (2015) Natural Rabies Infection in a Domestic Fowl (Gallus domesticus): A Report from India. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 9(7): e0003942. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003942

Editor: Charles E. Rupprecht, The Global Alliance for Rabies Control, UNITED STATES

Received: March 16, 2015; Accepted: June 30, 2015; Published: July 22, 2015

John Boyd Dunlop – A Veterinary Surgeon who invented Pneumatic Tyres

Dunlop

John Boyd Dunlop was born on a farm in Dreghorn, North Ayrshire, and studied to be a veterinary surgeon at the Dick Vet, University of Edinburgh.

Dunlop developed pneumatic tyres for his son’s tricycle and soon had them made commercially in Scotland. A cyclist using his tyres began to win all races and drew the attention of Harvey Du Cros.  He sold his rights to the pneumatic tyres to a company he formed with the president of the Irish Cyclists’ Association, Harvey Du Cros, for a small cash sum and a small shareholding in their pneumatic tyre business. Dunlop withdrew in 1896.

The company that bore his name, Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company, was not incorporated until later using the name well-known to the public but it was Du Cros’s creation.